Road or Performance Bikes have a light weight frame, thin high pressure tires, a short wheelbase and drop or flat handlebars that requires a bent over riding position which lowers air resistance on your adventure cycling. You might choose this type of bike if traveling longer distances at higher speeds is important to you in your adventure cycling.
Mountain Bikes or All Terrain Bikes (ATB) have wide tires, usually with knobby treads and a stout frame, and are designed to handle the rugged trails on your adventure cycling. Mountain bikes do not go as fast as road bikes. You sit higher on these bikes, more upright with the straight handlebars, which is better choice for people with back problems so they can better enjoy their adventure cycling.
Hybrid Bikes are a compromise between road and mountain bikes and offer the best features of both if most of your adventure cycling will be shorter trips on pavement. With skinnier, smooth tires, they typically can go faster than mountain bikes, yet feature the upright seat and handlebar position that many people favor. Hybrids are a good choice for most city riding, and offer speed, durability and comfort on your adventure cycling.
Touring Bikes are good for long distances and for carrying cargo on your adventure cycling. They use the same frame sizing but a bigger frame triangle and are structurally stronger than road bikes. They have the drop handlebars and more gears than a simple road bike. The lower gears are particularly useful when you’re trying to move a load up hills in your adventure cycling. They usually have more spokes on their wheels to increase the usable workload. On your adventure cycling, these bicycles can carry as much as 60 Lbs of extra weight, evenly spread over the back and front wheel racks.
Recumbent Bikes allows you to sit in a reclining position instead of the traditional “upright” style during your adventure cycling. This style is beneficial for those who have back, neck, or hand problems which would be aggravated by a traditional cycling position. It’s easy to reach high downhill speeds and difficult to climb hills on a recumbent because of the rider’s sitting position. Furthermore, recumbent bikes are well-suited for long distances adventure cycling due to the supine position of the rider.
Tandem Bikes (Green)are built for two riders for twice the fun during their adventure cycling. They come in four subcategories: mountain, road, hybrid, and recumbent. The person riding in the front is called the captain, pilot or steersman, while the rider at the back is termed as the navigator or stoker. The captain is meant to control the steering, braking, shifting and pedals. Though the stoker assists in pedaling and has the advantage of enjoying the scenery during their adventure cycling.
Motorized bicycles give the rider the advantage to choose how much you want to pedal on your own versus how much you want the bike’s motor to work for you. This can be especially helpful when travelling long distances. Because you have the motor as a backup, you can travel much further and faster than with a traditional bike during your adventure cycling.
Check out the following links for more information and links for bike parts and components. Don’t forget about the other bicycle gear, such as helmets, lights, tires and cycle-specific clothing. Do forget to read some read some cycling books to prepare for your adventure cycling.